If your teeth don't fit together properly, you can have problems not only in your teeth themselves, but also in the gums, the temporo-mandibular joint or the muscles that move your jaw (TMJ) and sometimes have even digestive problems. Therefore, the correct position of the teeth is a prerequisite for the general health of every person.
With many people calling it an overbite, buck teeth refer to a common dental issue where the top front teeth cover or overlap the bottom front teeth and is just one of the anomalies that can be corrected with transparent braces – called clear aligners. The clear aligners are made out of a see-through plastic shell, made individually to fit your teeth to move them into better positions precisely planned by software.
The therapeutic possibilities of clear aligners have been expanded by the progress of technology, and today they are used to treat a wide range of skeletal or dental malocclusions, as well as congenital or acquired abnormality between upper and lower teeth.
The therapy planning begins with the creation of a virtual 3D model, i.e. a scan of the patient's upper and lower jaw. The software simulates the sequence of tooth movement, according to the final occlusion, with which the clinician digitally plans the therapy, the order of tooth movement and their final position.
What is considered is the type of tooth movement, the amount of biological force needed to make that movement happen, the morphology of the teeth and the elasticity of the material. The therapy plan is computer-aided, and represents an excellent communication tool between the clinician and the patient, since it enables the patient to be informed about the process, duration and outcome of the treatment through visualization of the course and completion of the therapy itself.
Simulating the movement of teeth, as well as limiting to only those necessary, simulating multiple possibilities of the course of therapy, all this helps the clinician and the patient to choose the most effective treatment path in terms of safety, efficiency and time.
Adjusting the clear aligners to the teeth is made possible by individual manufacturing using a precise, computer-implemented method, while their cutting surface is precisely matched to the dent gingival junction.
Unlike therapy with conventional dental appliances, no sores or irritations occur in the mouth during treatment with clear aligners, which are often caused by brackets, wire and other parts of fixed prosthetic appliances, and the fact that there can be no material breakage or tearing is a big advantage of a wire arch or unsticking of locks.
In orthodontic therapy, clear aligners can be used to determine anchor segments in advance in relation to brackets, which means the point of resistance to unwanted tooth movement. Thus, the anchor teeth can be made immovable in different stages of straightening or closing the extraction space.
Clear aligners are an esthetic and comfortable option to patients who, for the same reasons, refuse orthodontic therapy with braces. The discretion of clear aligners is their key feature and one of the biggest advantages, since due to their transparency, they are more suitable for social and professional everyday life.
The thin, transparent material from which the clear aligner is made makes it barely noticeable, and therefore our teenage patients are not insecure about their appearance during therapy, thus their self-confidence is not impaired. During therapy, the patient can take them off during a meal or, for example, during an important meeting.
Oral hygiene and periodontal maintenance are easier, there is no risk of tooth enamel decalcification or periodontal disease due to the dental plaque accumulation along the gingival margin or interdentally, and we can say that aligners provide better comfort, aesthetics and oral hygiene.
The orthodontic, software-based treatment planning method to control the movements of the teeth, according to the goals of the therapy, enables pre- and post-therapy surveillance of the position of the teeth, therefore the clear aligner therapy is considered as an innovation that brought orthodontics into the future.